Why boats are made of wood? The Facts you should Know.

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There is always a question why a boat is made from wood. The reasons are clear, but to name just a few, it is also more affordable to deal with wood. The time needed in the construction of a wooden boat is also shorter than that utilised in other materials.

Wood is an excellent choice for boats since the weight of Wood per unit is little. This helps produce lighter vessels that are lighter in size than a steel vessel of the same shape. Boats can also be built of steel or fibreglass or the like. Wood may also be simply worked, easily repaired.

Which Type of wood boats are made of ?

Douglas fir is a typical wood built by boats as it is available over large lengths and may be almost knotless. It is particularly robust in weight and is thus used both for heavy construction and for masts and spars

Construction and maintenance of general boats

Douglas fir, larch, oak and ash are the most specialised timber we get. Douglas fir is a classic wood builder for boats, as it is available in large lengths and may be almost knot free at times. It is exceptionally robust for its weight and is thus used both for heavy construction and for masts and spars. 

Larch is considerably stronger and more durable than the softwood norm and a favourite boat ploughing wood. 

Oak is a strong and sturdy timber that has been used for ages in boat construction. Note that when in touch with iron, oak exhibits black stain and some metals may corrode. Ash offers good bending characteristics, a light yet solid and durable timber.

Source

How Were Wooden Ships Made Waterproof?

The most prevalent method employed was waterproofing on ships, tar or pitch. Wooden boats were resistant to water by placing the tar in the boat’s hull. The tank or tar bonded the ship’s wooden planks together and kept water from floating. Seafarers also used oil in different ways for their sails. 

This method began in the seventeenth century when the waters were greased with oil to assist the material resist the harsh waters and endure the rainfall that comes during an intensive storm more effectively.

The usage of wax as a waterproofing technique also began to grow around the end of the 19th century. Wax-covered threads may be woven into garments to provide the ordinary consumer of the nineteenth century waterproof apparel.

 Later in the 20th century, amid poor weather, the aircraft industry was covering cloth wings with waxed materials. All three kinds of water resistance, whether via tar, oil or wax, had the similar objective of maintaining water off or off an item. These ways of waterproofing were quickly superseded with far more dependable ones.

How is Modern water PROOFING done?

Ahead of today, with the arrival of nanofilm waterproofing firms, such as HZO, a new era in waterproofing solutions was created.

 Yet even this advanced technology is not regarded to be ‘waterproof,’ according to the strictest definition. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, the meaning of water-proofing is: ‘imperive to water; particularly: anything coated or processed (as a solution of rubber) for the prevention of water penetration.’

Through this protection technique for thin films, the whole notion of water-resistant coating has altered by enabling water to remain fully functioning in a gadget. So perhaps the moment has come to revise its definition for Merriam-Webster.

Modern waterproofing does not require an object to be “waterproof,” but to operate even when it is totally immersed. In summary, HZO has modified the way waterproofing is defined worldwide.

Softwood used for boat construction

Softwood refers to wood derived from fir trees that remain green all year. As a result, it has nothing to do with whether the wood is soft or not. In fact, certain softwoods are tougher than hardwoods.

Softwood accounts for more than 80% of the world’s timber production. This wood is mostly produced in Scandinavia, the Baltic, Russia, and North America.

The most commonly used softwoods in boat construction are described in detail below. These trees are pine, fir, spruce, and cedar.

Spruce: Spruce is a robust wood that finishes well and has poor decay resistance. It has a modest shrinking and is light. It is also suitable for spars, crates, boxes, general millwork, and ladders.

Cedar :Cedar is a reddish wood with a pleasant odour. It is very easy to work with, has a consistent texture, and is decay resistant. Cedar is commonly utilised in interior design, closet lining, deck planks, and strip plank boat hulls.

Fir :Fir has a homogeneous rough surface and a low decay resistance. It’s nonresinous, easy to work with, and looks great. Plywood, veneer, panelling, interior trim, and replacement parts are all made from fir. Fir has a weak core and a robust rim. This implies that if it’s going to be used for spares, the bark should be removed from the trunk with as little machining as possible.

Pine :Pine has a consistent texture and is simple to work with. It has a good finish and is resistant to shrinking, swelling, and warping. It’s commonly utilised for panelling, decks, bulwarks, and spares. Because pine has a solid core, it is ideal for laminated spares.

It is usual to notice some local quality differences in pine, fir, and spruce wood, with wood from slow-growing trees in cold climates earning a unique reputation.

This indicates that it is a unique excellent variety with close spacing between the rings. Oregon pine and Kalmar pine are examples of special designations.

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